Orthopedic surgery – Joint replacement


What happens during knee replacement surgery?

With total knee replacement surgery, your doctor replaces the joint surfaces in your knees, not the bone. Total knee replacement surgery involves replacing one or more of the knee’s three compartments (inside, outside and under the kneecap) with an artificial surface made of metal and plastic. With partial knee replacement, your surgeon only replaces part of your knee joint, most often the internal or medial compartment.

Our state-of-the-art treatment options for knee reconstruction surgery include:

  • Tibial osteotomy: some patients may be candidates for this non-replacement procedure which realigns the limb and preserves the function of the knee
  • Knee replacement surgery: surgical replacement of the knee joint surface to decrease pain and increase mobility
  • MAKOplasty: an innovative robotic partial and total knee replacement surgery that targets the specific area of ​​the disease and preserves bones, soft tissues and ligaments for more natural knee function after surgery

Knee replacement recovery

You can expect to spend one to two days in the hospital after knee replacement surgery. Some patients may be candidates for outpatient surgery, returning home the same day as surgery without overnight hospital recovery.

You will be standing and carrying weight on the day of the surgery. Most patients have a home care nurse and physiotherapist who come to their home three times a week. It is an essential part of the recovery process to help you regain your strength and mobility. You will be in therapy for six to 12 weeks after surgery and be off work for at least six weeks.

What happens during a hip replacement surgery?

With hip replacement surgery (hip replacement surgery), your surgeon will remove damaged cartilage and bones from your hip joint and replace them with new artificial parts. Your specific situation will determine the best way to access the hip joint. The incision can be on the back (posterior), the right or left side (lateral) or the front (anterior) side of the hip.

Hip replacement recovery

You can expect to spend one to two days in the hospital and carry weight and walk on the day of surgery. Some patients may be candidates for outpatient surgery, returning home the same day as surgery without overnight hospital recovery.

Our surgeons use a variety of different surgical approaches including posterior, direct anterior and direct lateral. The approach is specifically selected for each patient based on various factors including patient anatomy, activity level, etc. The results of these three hip replacement approaches are similar three to six months after the operation. You should expect to be off work for six weeks, and you will need six to 12 weeks of physiotherapy to ensure a full recovery.

Why Choose Ohio State For Joint Replacement Surgery?

Comprehensive care: As a university health center, we have access to a full range of specialist doctors and can coordinate all your care. Our orthopedists also manage a large number of postoperative complications following total arthroplasty performed at outpatient facilities throughout the state of Ohio.

Technology pioneers: We were the first hospital in Ohio to offer surgery using robot-assisted technology. MAKOplasty® uses a robotic arm system that helps physicians reach a new level of precision in knee or hip replacement surgery. Patients who have this surgery in Ohio State benefit from smaller incisions, shorter hospital stays, less physical therapy, and faster recovery time.

Diagnostic expertise: We have trained experts who collaborate as a full team, including physicians, clinicians and researchers in orthopedics, physiotherapy, imaging, sports medicine, nutrition and any other department that may play a role in your processing. We provide patients with the best, most personalized treatment options available for hip and knee pain.

Access to a digital health coach: You can easily keep track of your joint replacement care plan using Care Companion, an interactive and personalized MyChart feature available through the Ohio State MyHealth mobile app. A to-do list helps you manage tasks and stay on track.

Research: Through collaborations with Ohio State researchers and medical device manufacturers, our physicians design and develop hip and knee replacement components, including a more flexible structural device for total hip replacement. hip. We also conduct clinical trials and scientific research projects that research new and better ways to treat osteoarthritis and other degenerative diseases.


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